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June 24, 2017

Genes, ozone, and autism

Exposure to ozone in the environment puts individuals with high levels of genetic variation at an even higher risk for developing autism than would be expected just by adding the two risk factors together, a new analysis shows. The study is the first to look at the combined effects of genome-wide genetic change and environmental risk factors for autism.
June 24, 2017

Anti-epilepsy drug restores normal brain activity in mild Alzheimer’s disease

An anti-epileptic drug has been tested for its potential impact on the brain activity of patients with mild Alzheimer’s disease. The team documented changes in patients’ EEGs that suggest the drug could have a beneficial effect.
June 24, 2017

Bioengineers create more durable, versatile wearable for diabetes monitoring

Researchers are getting more out of the sweat they’ve put into their work on a wearable diagnostic tool that measures three diabetes-related compounds in microscopic amounts of perspiration. In a study, the team describes their wearable diagnostic biosensor that can detect three interconnected compounds – cortisol, glucose and interleukin-6 – in perspired sweat for up to a week without loss of signal integrity.
June 24, 2017

Fungal toxins easily become airborne, creating potential indoor health risk

Toxins produced by three different species of fungus growing indoors on wallpaper may become aerosolized, and easily inhaled. The findings likely have implications for ‘sick building syndrome.
June 24, 2017

The mere presence of your smartphone reduces brain power, study shows

Your cognitive capacity is significantly reduced when your smartphone is within reach — even if it’s off — suggests new research.
June 23, 2017

Human genes for coronary artery disease make them more prolific parents

Coronary artery disease may have persisted in human populations because the genes that cause this late-striking disease also contribute to having a greater numbers of children.
June 23, 2017

First Chikungunya-infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes found in Brazil

While more than 13,000 cases of Chikungunya viral disease were reported in Brazil in 2015, scientists had never before detected the virus in a captured mosquito in this country. Now, researchers have identified a mosquito — caught in the Brazilian city of Aracaju — that’s naturally infected with the East-Central-South-African (ECSA) genotype of Chikungunya.
June 23, 2017

Interventions to prevent cognitive decline, dementia

Cognitive training, blood pressure management for people with hypertension, and increased physical activity all show modest but inconclusive evidence that they can help prevent cognitive decline and dementia, but there is insufficient evidence to support a public health campaign encouraging their adoption, says a new report.
June 23, 2017

Spinal cord injury: Using cortical targets to improve motor function

New research provides the first evidence that cortical targets could represent a novel therapeutic site for improving motor function in humans paralyzed by spinal cord injury.
June 23, 2017

Peroxisomal biogenesis disorder: New link to sugar metabolism

Peroxisomal biogenesis disorder, which has been linked only to lipid metabolism, is also associated with sugar metabolism.