Back pain affects 80% of people at some point in their life and can greatly impact your daily routine. Back pain lasting a few days to a few weeks (less than 3 months) is considered acute back pain. Chronic back pain lasts longer than three months.
The back is composed of a complicated system of bones and muscles. The spinal column is made of vertebrae divided into different groups. There are the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and root or sacrum groupings of vertebrae, as well as ligaments and tendons that attach the muscles of the back to the spine. Each vertebra in the spinal column is separated from the last by a rounded pad of tissue called fibrocartilage or discs.
Causes of back pain can include poor posture, obesity, and pregnancy. Even a simple task done in the wrong position can lead to shooting or stabbing back pain leaving you inflexible; making it difficult to stand straight or bend. Trauma to the back from over-straining or from an accident can cause the discs between the vertebrae to bulge; the nerves and muscle tissue to become irritated; and bone lesions can occur.
Living a healthy lifestyle and keeping your weight down can keep your back healthy. Bending at the knees when lifting and not over-straining or over-reaching for heavy objects can also help prevent back injuries. Back pain left untreated can become chronic and nerve damage will persist. Back pain is a serious condition that should be dealt with promptly to avoid further complications. Chiropractic therapies can treat back pain with much effectiveness.